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Logical-mathematical intelligence is one of the nine theories of multiple intelligences developed by psychologist Howard Gardner. Understanding this intelligence is important for parents, as it’s an essential part of a child’s development. Developing logical-mathematical intelligence in children can help them to better understand the world around them and to develop important problem-solving skills. 


What is Logical-Mathematical Intelligence? 

Logical-mathematical intelligence, as defined by Howard Gardner in his 1983 book Frames of Mind, is “the capacity to analyze problems logically, carry out mathematical operations, and investigate issues scientifically.” In other words, it is the ability to think logically and to understand abstract concepts in mathematics. It involves abstract thinking, problem-solving, and the ability to recognize patterns, as well as the capacity to think critically and strategically. 

The importance of developing logical-mathematical intelligence in children cannot be overstated. For example, this intelligence can help children to understand the relationships between numbers, how to solve problems, and to develop important skills for mathematics and science. Logical-mathematical intelligence can also help children to understand the world around them and to make sense of complicated concepts. 


little girl making puzzle


Characteristics of Logical-Mathematical Intelligence 

Logical-mathematical intelligence involves a variety of skills and capacities, including: 

  • The ability to solve problems analytically 
  • The ability to think abstractly 
  • The capacity to recognize patterns and relationships 
  • The ability to think logically and systematically 
  • The capacity to think strategically and critically 
  • The ability to use mathematical operations 
  • The ability to think scientifically 

The Importance of Logical-Mathematical Intelligence in Everyday Life 

Logical-mathematical intelligence plays an important role in our lives, as it helps us to think critically, solve problems strategically, and make decisions analytically. It is also important for understanding and applying mathematical concepts, as well as for understanding scientific principles and theories. In our increasingly data-driven world, logical-mathematical intelligence is essential for making sense of the data and drawing meaningful insights. 


The Obstacles

Excessive screen time can prevent logical-mathematical intelligence development in children. Not all screen time is equal, educational apps or games promote cognitive development including logical-mathematical thinking. On the other hand, spending excessive time on the internet can have negative effects. To prevent the negative effects, you can use a parental control app like Safes. Safes helps to manage your kids’ screen time, filter certain websites, and get a specific online activity report. This ensures that your child only enjoys the benefits of social media. You can download Safes for iOS, Android, and even Windows. 


Activities To Develop Logical-mathematical Intelligence in Children 

It’s important to encourage your children to use their logical-mathematical intelligence to help them become more curious, analytical thinkers. Fortunately, there are a variety of activities, games, and interactive toys that can help your children develop their logical-mathematical intelligence. Here’s a list of activities and games that parents can use to help their children unlock their logical-mathematical intelligence: 

  1. Puzzles: Puzzles are a great way to help children develop their logical-mathematical intelligence. Puzzles can help children build problem-solving skills and improve their visual-spatial intelligence. They can also help children develop critical thinking and analytical skills.  
  2. Board games: Board games can be a great way for children to practice their logical-mathematical skills. Games like chess, checkers, and go can help children practice strategy and planning.  
  3. Riddles & tricky questions: Logical intelligence can be improved with tricky riddles. These are very helpful in enhancing children’s mental fitness and great mathematical/logical intelligence. 
  4. Math games: Math games are a great way to help children practice their mathematical skills. Games like addition and multiplication bingo, number puzzles, and math riddles can help children practice their math skills in a fun and engaging way. 
  5. Doing scientific experiments: One of the best activities to develop logical-mathematical intelligence is by doing scientific experiments. Scientific experiments help kids understand how things work and resolve their curiosity. 


boy and girl doing scientific experiment


Logical-mathematical Intelligence Examples 

Logical-mathematical intelligence is the ability to think logically and solve problems through the use of mathematics. It’s often seen in the fields of science, engineering, and technology and is an important part of the education process. To better understand the power of logical-mathematical intelligence, let’s take a look at some real-world examples. 

One of the most obvious examples of logical-mathematical intelligence in action is in the field of engineering. Engineers rely on their ability to apply mathematical principles to design and build structures, machines, and systems. From bridges and skyscrapers to computers and robots, engineers use their knowledge of mathematics and logic to create solutions to the world’s problems. 

Science is another field in which logical-mathematical intelligence plays a major role. Scientists use their analytical skills to solve complex problems and test hypotheses. From astrophysics to biology, scientists use their mathematical and analytical skills to make sense of the world around them. 

In the field of technology, logical-mathematical intelligence is also essential. From computer programmers to software engineers, these professionals apply their knowledge of mathematics and logic to create innovative products and services. From the development of new algorithms to the creation of powerful computer networks, logical-mathematical intelligence is a key component of the technology industry. 

Famous scientists, mathematicians, and inventors are also known for their high levels of logical-mathematical intelligence. Albert Einstein is one of the most famous scientists in history, and his use of mathematics to explain the laws of physics is a prime example of logical-mathematical intelligence in action. Other famous scientists, such as Stephen Hawking and Marie Curie, also showed high levels of logical-mathematical intelligence. 

Mathematicians such as Isaac Newton and Alan Turing are also known for their logical-mathematical intelligence. Newton used calculus and other mathematical principles to develop his theories of motion and gravity, while Turing is renowned for his work in artificial intelligence and computer programming. 

Finally, inventors such as Thomas Edison and Steve Jobs are renowned for their use of logical-mathematical intelligence. Edison used his mathematical skills to develop inventions such as the light bulb and the phonograph, while Jobs revolutionized the world of technology with his innovative designs and applications. 

These are just a few examples of famous scientists, mathematicians, and inventors who exhibit high levels of logical-mathematical intelligence. From engineering and science to technology and inventions, these individuals have used their knowledge of mathematics and logic to change the world. Logical-mathematical intelligence is an important part of the educational process, and understanding the power of this type of intelligence can help us to create more efficient and innovative solutions to the world’s problems. 



Achieving success in the modern world requires a whole host of skills and abilities, and one of the most important skills is the ability to think logically and work with numbers. Developing logical-mathematical intelligence in children is essential for their future success and should be encouraged early on.  

Encouraging logical-mathematical intelligence in children can be done in a variety of ways. Parents should incorporate logical-mathematical activities into their children’s daily routines, such as counting games, puzzles, and problem-solving activities. Parents should also encourage children to keep learning, as this will help them to continue to develop their logical-mathematical skills. 

In addition to developing logical-mathematical intelligence in children, it is also important for them to be exposed to other types of intelligence, such as interpersonal, intrapersonal, and spatial intelligence. This will help them to understand the world around them in a holistic way and be better prepared for the future. 

Atena Ladchartabi

Atena Ladchartabi

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